The 48th Highlanders of Canada have a proud history that started in 1891, when Toronto Scots were determined to found a Highland regiment in their young city. This militia unit has served in every major conflict since the South African War. In World War I, at Ypres, it was one of the first to suffer the horrors of a gas attack. In the miserable years of trench warfare, it distinguished itself at key engagements, including the Somme, Vimy Ridge and Passchendaele. In World War II, it landed in Sicily and fought its way up the Italian peninsula, including the vicious battles to outflank Ortona and the unassisted breaching of the vaunted Hitler Line defences south of Rome, until it was transferred to fight in the liberation of Holland. More recently, the regiment has taken part in peacekeeping duties in Cyprus, Somalia and the former Yugoslavia. It has played an important civil role in the aftermath of such disasters as the Winnipeg floods and the 1998 ice storm, and the Pipes and Drums of the "Famous 48th" have enthralled crowds at events across North America.